What is Myositis?

What is Myositis?

In some cases, people are born with Myositis because of underlying problems. However, other factors can sometimes trigger it later in life. We will answer the question, “What is Myositis?”, as well as discuss the symptoms of Myositis, causes, risk factors and prevention.

What is Myositis?

Myositis is a chronic condition that causes inflammation and degeneration of the muscle tissues.

There are two common types of Myositis: polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Polymyositis results in weak muscles, while deramatomyositis results in weak muscles accompanied by a rash.

Causes of Mysotitis

Varies factors can cause Myositis. Most often, it goes in hand with inflammatory conditions.

Health problems such as autoimmune disorders can cause your body to attack its own muscle tissues, resulting in this disorder. In other cases, specific injuries can trigger Myositis. Viral infections such as the common cold can often result in this condition. It can also be a side effect of certain medications, such as stains, Plaquenil and Colchicine.

Symptoms of Myositis

The most common symptom of Myositis is muscle weakness. Muscle weakness is most noticeable when it is difficult to stand or walk for any length of time.

Other symptoms of Myositits include the following:

  • General tiredness and fatigue
  • Difficulty swallowing and breathing
  • Trouble standing from a seated position, reaching up, or climbing upstairs
  • Chronic, dry cough
  • Rashes on the knuckles, face, chest and back

Risk Factors for Developing Myositis

You’re more likely to experience Myositis if you suffer from an autoimmune disorder or a health condition that causes inflammation. Some of these conditions include the following:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Scleroderma
  • Lupus

In addition, fitness enthusiasts may develop temporary bouts of the condition after extreme workouts. Illness, injury and extended exposure to UV light may trigger attacks. Those who abuse drugs, including alcohol and cocaine, are also more susceptible to developing Myositis. In some cases, the condition is genetic.

How to Prevent Myositis

Living a healthy, balanced lifestyle can reduce your risk of developing Myositis.  In addition, avoiding over-exposure to sunlight and recreational drug use can reduce your risk. Individuals who suffer from inflammatory diseases or autoimmune disorders need to do everything possible to manage their conditions effectively.

It is important for athletes to get the proper nutrition and avoid putting too much stress on their muscles.

For those suffer from the common cold, bed rest is vital to best prevent Myositis from developing.


These are just the basics of “What is Myositis?”, as well as the symptoms of Myositis, risk factors, causes, prevention and treatment options for this condition. Our trained doctors can provide a customized treatment plan to meet your needs. Contact us with the link below for more information!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *